Deliberation Day

Everybody participates in face-to-face discussions in randomly assigned discussion groups to arrive at informed judgments.

Sample size

Potentially everybody.


  • Never formally attempted. ("Deliberation Day" is currently a proposal advanced by Bruce Ackerman and James Fishkin. See ISBN-10: 0300101015)


  • Designed to raise the average level of thoughtfulness of the public.


  • As currently envisioned, extremely expensive; cost estimated at $150 per person.